Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Top Strategies for New SAT Math

Do Lots of SAT Word Problems I’m going to start with the Math strategy, since I feel it is perhaps the most overlooked among all the uproar about higher-level math and the no-calculator section. Become good at long word problems. That’s because much of the test is going to be made up of long word problems, the kind where the math isn’t super complex but is buried in 12-lines of text, and you have to figure out what the problem is asking. While this might not seem bad if you do two or three of these questions in a row, but after six such problems your brain is going to become tired, much as it does on a long reading passage. So practice doing long sets of word problems. By doing so you’ll avoid what will likely be countless careless errors, all because you were burnt out from sifting through all that text. Take Actual Practice Tests from College Board It’s easy to get caught up in the idea that the SAT is testing higher-level math. After all, this is the kind of math that some of us have never even learned before. Now, I’m not saying to avoid prepping this kind of math (you should definitely learn the unit circle and the basics of imaginary numbers). What I see some students doing is overly fixating on this area by going through dense trig textbooks or pre-calculus books. The test, however, focuses on a small sliver of information from these concepts, usually at the basic end of the spectrum. Additionally, it asks questions in a very specific manner. Therefore, it’s best that you do actual practice questions and practice tests to get an idea of exactly how the test will deal with a certain concept. Of course, the concept reviews in most prep books are really helpful. Just make sure to not always review, but to actually do practice questions. Learn To Do Math Without a Calculator While this might sound like a no brainer, the temptation to use a calculator whenever you prep is big. After all, it’s 2016, so when don’t you use a calculator when doing math. Unless you want to flounder test day, you should put down that calculator and rely either on mental math or the old pencil. The following are some sums you should be able to do in your head: For anything more advanced, use a pencil. If you are not use to working out problems this way, start soon. You’ll be glad you did.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Hopelessness Theory of Depression - 776 Words

The hopelessness theory of depression is a reformulated theory of helplessness and depression. Hopelessness depression is a proposed subset of depression with strong implications about the power of perception. There are many negative symptoms, which accompany hopelessness depression. Hopelessness is the sufficient cause of hopelessness depression and is a phenomenon, which deserves a lot of attention. This paper reviews the various elements of hopelessness depression, reviews its causes and consequences, explores treatment courses and takes at the implications of hopelessness. CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES Hopelessness depression is characterized by the feelings of hopelessness. The feeling of hopelessness can be arrived to through many†¦show more content†¦Proximate causes are closer to the onset of the symptoms than distal causes. In addition to the time gap between the cause and the manifested symptoms another factor to consider is to what extent do the events contribute to the onset of the depressive symptoms. It is important to remember that the impact of hopelessness depression symptoms on an individual is a direct product his/her perception of the impact of the life event. SYMPTOMS Hopelessness depression is characterized by two distinguished symptoms: a) retarded motivation and b) sad affect. These two symptoms come from the belief that motivation to try will be worthless and sadness is derived from this sense of a bleak future. Such a hopeless attitude can also result in lowered self-esteem especially if they feel as though they will not succeed in various activities in relation to their peers. The length of the disorder ranges depending on how lasting the event is perceived to be and the lack of social support TREATMENT Since negative life events are theorized to bring the feeling of hopelessness, positive life events are thus presumed to bring on the feelings of hopefulness. Essentially, to prevent the manifestation of depressive symptomatology, the hopeless individual must perceive the life event as an occurrence that is finite in nature and can be controlled with sensible amount of motivation. An extension of this method would involve addressing the behavior ofShow MoreRelatedThe Hopelessness Theory of Depression1798 Words   |  8 Pagessuffering from depression. The articles will be discussing Cognitive Behavioral Therapies effectiveness on those of different ages and genders. The literature will research and review quantitative and qualitative studies and what their outcomes revealed. Research on the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for those who are suffering from depression shows that in the short term, the effectiveness is similar in results to medical interventions. However, in treating depression for a longRead MorePositive, Positive And Positive Psychology1413 Words   |  6 Pagessadness and emotional problems (Ciarrochi et al., 2007), low levels of depression and anxiety (Snyder et al, 1997) and students with high hope have reported feeling more confident and motivated compared to students with low hope (Snyder et al, 2002). Moreover, Lazarus (1991), has identified hope to be a coping mechanism for individuals that are dealing with stressful, painful or traumatic life experiences. Hopelessness is the inclination that circumstances will not improve or the belief thatRead MoreAaron Beck Youngest Of Five Children1634 Words   |  7 Pagesbehaviors such as depression. â€Å"Beck struggled to find a way to help his depressed client’s better capture their emotions. He realized that many of his depressed clients experienced recurring negative thoughts and that as long as they believed these thoughts to be true, they would continue to have symptoms of depression†( Beck spent much of his career at the University of Pennsylvania and advocated for the application of cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of depression and otherRead MoreThe Client With Anxiety And Depressive Symptoms1377 Words   |  6 Pagesto a professional counselor by his family physician. He has been experiencing severe symptoms of depression and anxiety that has a 3 month duration and has been progressively getting worse. He has admitted to thoughts of suicide ideation an option, feelings of hopelessness and is unsatisfied with his life, hence, questioning his existence. He has disclosed a pattern in his family of paternal depression from both his father and grandfather along with negative feelings towards his father, feeling persecutedRead MoreAaron Beck, An American Psychiatrist1188 Words   |  5 Pagesbehaviors such as depression. â€Å"Beck struggled to find a way to help his depressed clients better capture their emotions. He realized that many of his depressed clients experienced recurring negative thoughts and that as long as they believed these thoughts to be true, they would continue to have symptoms of depression†( Beck spent much of his career at the University of Pennsylvania and advocated for the application of cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of depression and otherRead MoreMajor Types Of Major Depressive Disorder ( Mdd ) Essay927 Words   |  4 Pagesthe most common psychological dis orders. Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a psychiatric mood disorder that is characterized by dramatic and unpredictable mood swings. Symptoms include severe depression, euphoria, distractibility, irritability, and grandiosity. Usually patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder can have depression as the initial onset symptom. There are three types of BD: Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymia. Bipolar I Disorder includes at least one lifetime manic episodeRead MoreDiagnosing Bipolar Disorder659 Words   |  3 Pagesperson with bipolar disorder spends in state of depression, manic, hypomanic, mixed, or cycling. Biplore 1 When a person experiences at least one but more manic episodes, alternating with major depression, sufferers with mania episodes have periods of rapid cycling which can be excessive or sometimes combative demeanors. These emotional states go from one extreme to the other. This emotional state will is followed by periods of withdrawal, and hopelessness. When these episodes become constant or tooRead MoreThe Interaction Of Cognitive Therapy878 Words   |  4 PagesCognitive Therapy (ICS) Study An accruing relapse of depression is hard to overcome nevertheless; preventing these relapses is the key. The length of depression constitutes a major problem in the treatment of depression. However, many evidences suggest that psychological treatments have been withdrawn to the many treatment trials that have been found in cognitive therapy such as drugs or different types of therapy that defends against depression. â€Å"The preventive interventions such as the drugs operateRead MoreTheories About Perfectionism And Suicidal Ideation, And Its Dimensions On Depressed Adolescent Patients1334 Words   |  6 Pages The psychological study by Paul.L Hewitt and Gordon L.Flett investigated the theory about perfectionism and suicidal ideation, and its dimensions on depressed adolescent patients. According to this article, we could say that researchers used for this study correlational method, which comprises sample data based on five independent variables such as perfectionism, str ess, daily hassles, hopelessness, and suicide potential. The sample data consisted of 55 adolescents, who completedRead MoreDiscuss the Effectiveness of Cbt as a Treatment for Depression1428 Words   |  6 PagesDiscuss the effectiveness of CBT as a treatment for depression Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking psychotherapy that is now commonly available through general practice as a low cost alternative treatment to antidepressant drugs. Individuals with depression, a mood disorder, are found to have low levels of neurotransmitters (Schildkraut, Green amp; Mooney, 1985) and were traditionally treated with selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs). According to NHS statistics, SSRIs

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Two Philosophical Arguments for the Existence of God

Essay to Compare and evaluate two philosophical arguments for the existence of God. Throughout the course of this essay we shall examine two of the major philosophical arguments for the existence of God. The arguments that we are going to focus on shall be the Design argument and the Ontological argument. We shall compare, evaluate and discuss both the Design (or teleological) argument for the existence of God and the Ontological Argument for the existence of God, as well as highlighting philosophical criticisms of both theories too. By doing so, we shall attempt to draw a satisfactory conclusion and aim gain a greater understanding of the respective theories and their criticisms of each theory. The Design Argument Firstly, we shall focus on the Design (or to use its philosophically technical term, the teleological argument). There are numerous variants of the Design argument, however we shall be focusing on Paley’s version (reference 1) of this theory. Paley’s version of the Design argument is based upon the idea that by looking around at certain features of the world (for example an inanimate object like a rock or say a living creature like dolphin or a person like myself) and theorising that they are too complex and intricate to randomly just manifest. They must have been created by a higher, more intelligent power and thus, if this is accepted as being so, then this proves beyond doubt that God exists. According to Paley, the inference from the observation of theShow MoreRelatedKant And Anselm : Argument For God s Existence1142 Words   |  5 PagesTitle†¨21 November 2016 Any Topic (Writer s Choice) Kant and Anselm: The Argument for God’s Existence Philosophers have for long debated on the existence of a Supreme all powerful and all perfect God, Kant, and Anselm being among them. Where Anselm has supported the presence of God and all the attributes that regard to the Him, Kant has risen up with a counter argument. The interaction between the two, the philosophical objection raised by Kant, and what this means to the rest of mankind will beRead MoreKant And Anselm : Argument For God s Existence1129 Words   |  5 PagesKant and Anselm: The Argument for God’s Existence Philosophers have for long debated on the existence of a Supreme all powerful and all perfect God, Kant, and Anselm being among them. Where Anselm has supported the presence of God and all the attributes that regard to the Him, Kant has risen up with a counter argument. The interaction between the two, the philosophical objection raised by Kant, and what this means to the rest of mankind will be analyzed in this paper. To begin with, Anselm introducesRead MoreThe Nature And Existence Of God1010 Words   |  5 PagesPhilosophical Perspective Philosophers, scientist, theologies and other scholars have engaged in heated debate on whether there is existence of God or not. Several approaches have been used to argue on the nature and existence of god but only a few have been accepted by many people. The physiological argument of the nature and existence of god take the form of epistemology, that looks at the nature of god from the scope of knowledge that man has, ontology that involves the study of how human beingRead MoreEssay on Discussion of the Existence of God767 Words   |  4 PagesDiscussion of the Existence of God There is a lot of argument about does God exist or not exist. It was long time every person wanted to prove the existence of God. Some people argued that God exist and proved by many philosophical theories or scientific basics and religion reasons. On the other hand, other people do not believe in God existence and they have based their proven by many theories and scientific points. Many people have tried to prove Gods existence with rational Read MoreThe Doctrine Of God : The Justification For God1566 Words   |  7 Pagesworld. Whether it is Allah for the Muslims, Brahman for the Hindus, or God for Christians, it seems the notion of God is imbedded deep in the history of many different ethnicities and backgrounds. According to some studies a belief in a deity is innate, we are essentially hardwired to believe in God. Even from a young age we are taught â€Å"there is something more out there†, but is there? What proof is there? Has one every seen God? Is it ignorant to simply believe in something that has no proof? It isRead MoreDescartes Belief in God Essay1503 Words   |  7 PagesDescartes and God In his groundbreaking work, Meditations on First Philosophy, the French philosopher Rene Descartes lays the groundwork for many philosophical principles by attempting to â€Å"establish a bold and lasting knowledge† (171)1. The foundations for knowledge Descartes established would go on to influence a plethora of other philosophers and philosophical works. Descartes argues in his meditations first from the point of view of complete skepticism, using skepticism as a tool in order toRead MoreDescartes: Proofs of God/Deception and Error Essay1093 Words   |  5 PagesDescartes: Proofs of God/Deception and Error Instructions: First: Analyze and evaluate the two proofs of Gods existence. How are they different? Is one more convincing than the other? Why did Descartes think he needed two proofs? Do they do different work for him? And secondly: Does Descartes give a satisfactory account of human error, given a perfect and divine creator? Are Descartes arguments convincing, or does it still seem unnecessary and less than perfect that God created us with flawsRead MoreBeyond a Reasonable Doubt Essay1239 Words   |  5 PagesAs surely as the possibility of God’s existence is self-evident to mankind, so it seems is the possibility of His non-existence. While virtually every culture throughout history has believed in at least one deity, the arguments for and against the existence of Christianity’s God have raged on for centuries. In his Institutes, John Calvin argued that God planted the knowledge of His existence in the heart of every man, saying: That there exists in the human mind, and indeed by natural instinct, someRead MoreWhat Does It All Mean?896 Words   |  4 Pagesreferring to a creator, God, probing whether this all-powerful creator can be an â€Å"ultimate explanation,† but an â€Å"incomprehensible answer† (100). Two Greek philosophers, Descartes and Anselm, try to individually prove the existence of God as the most omnipotent being in the universe, but they differ in explaining their thoughts of reasoning. In understanding their logic, we must also question whether God’s existence is a valid explanation outside of their thoughts. Whereas Anselm bases God as â€Å"something thanRead MoreDoes God Exist?1074 Words   |  5 PagesDoes God Exist ? 1. What role do arguments play in answering this question? I think arguments have played an important role in analyzing and understanding the depth of this question, for mankind. Although the question itself seems factual (either it does or it doesn t), yet no arguments have been able to answer this question conclusively, despite many debates going on for centuries. One possible reason for that inconclusiveness may lie in our intuition and the way, humans define God and existence

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Martin Luther King Jr. had a Dream Essay - 662 Words

Martin Luther King Junior’s famous speech â€Å"I have a Dream† has many amazing memorable references. For example one reference is â€Å"let freedom ring† which is in the last sentence before the last paragraph of his speech. Another reference according to is borrowed from a speech given by a minister by the name of Archibald Carey which was a politician and family friend of Mr. Kings. That speech was delivered on 8 July 8, 1952 at the Republican National Convention. One of the best references that Mr. King mentions in his speech is from the United States Constitution itself, he said â€Å"This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the â€Å"unalienable Rights† of â€Å"Life, Liberty and the†¦show more content†¦So this text was almost like a sigh of relief that after so long blacks can finally breath knowing that at last the time has come to put a stop to the mistreatment of a p erson due to the color of his skin or race. By mentioning a song king did not only persuade people how American the black community truly is but it also shows that his words are not only towards getting the freedom people deserve but also towards the country that he loves. This song Free at Last means something to the entire country and all of its proud people and that is why King decided to include it in his speech. He made people see things from his point of view. The last piece that I chose to write about was where King states the text â€Å"Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.† When King says the text he refers to the Declaration of Independence because it is something everybody lives under and everyone in this country has a connection towards. The point that was proven by the text â€Å"Life Liberty and The Pursuit of Happiness: is one that the entire country can recognize because of the connection to the U.S. Declaration of Independence. The point that King is attempting to portray is that no matter what color, race, or nationality of a person, the constitution says exactly what everyone will fight for and what the black community had been asking for all thoseShow MoreRelatedI Had A Dream Speech By Martin Luther King Jr.1684 Words   |  7 Pages On August 28 of 1963, In Washington DC, near the Lincoln memorial, history was changed. On that very day, the most known social activist of that day, Martin Luther King J r. delivered his â€Å"I had a dream speech† In the duration of five minutes, he made history and changed society’s view upon those with a darker skin tone. On that day he changed many opinions and views, in the matter of five minutes. He proved that we, the American people have the power to change a nation through our wordsRead MoreOutliers Essay909 Words   |  4 PagesOutlier Essay: Martin Luther King Jr. An outlier is a person or thing situated away or detached from the main body or system. In other words, an outlier is somebody who goes out of his or her way and does something extraordinary in order to accomplish their goal. Martin Luther King Jr. is a true example of an outlier. In the early 1900s, segregation was strongly recognized in the United States, until Martin Luther King Jr. stood up for what he believed in and made a change. Although he made a differenceRead MoreI Have A Dream By Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.1102 Words   |  5 Pageswater hoses to being brutally beaten by those that are supposed to protect and serve. In the speech, I Have A Dream by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., he elaborates on the fight African Americans have endured and sets the path for freedom and equality while We Shall Overcome by L.B Johnson speaks on providing equality for all Americans. According to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. speech, â€Å"I Have A Dream†, we, as nation and as people must de mand freedom based on equality and perseverance. Equality and perseveranceRead MoreEssay on The Life of Martin Luther King Jr.1244 Words   |  5 Pagesworld. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born to Alberta and Martin Luther King. Alberta Williams King was born September 13, 1904 in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin Luther King, Sr. was born December 19, 1899 in Stockbridge, Georgia. Martins dad was a pastor at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia. His mother was a school teacher. His siblings were Christine King Farris born September 11, 1927, and Alfred Daniel Williams King born July 30, 1930. Martin was the middle child. Martin Luther KingRead MoreDr. Martin Luther King Research Paper1430 Words   |  6 PagesCommunications Essay DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. SPEECH â€Å"I HAVE A DREAM† Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15 , 1929 and died on April 4, 1968. He was born Michael Luther King Jr. but decided to change his name to Martin. Both Martin Luther’s grandfather and father were pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. Martin Luther carried on the tradition and served as pastor from 1960-1968 (Nobel Prize, 1). He was a big part of the civil rights movement for his raceRead Moreâ€Å"I Am Happy To Join With You Today In What Will Go Down1420 Words   |  6 Pagesgreatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.† (Lerone Bennett Jr. pg.125) Being a hero means to be a leader. To be a leader you have to have strength, courage, and commitment. In the 1960s, there were many leaders fighting for what they believe is the right of freedom and equality of all people. A major leader, Martin Luther King Jr. was involved in the Civil Rights Movement during the 60s. King was influenced by advocates of nonviolence such as Mahatm a Gandhi. He wanted to seekRead MoreMartin Luther King Pathos and Ethos of Speech895 Words   |  4 PagesDr. Martin Luther King Juniors use of Ethos Pathos in his â€Å"I have a dream† speech. On August 28, 1963, people around the nation tuned into hear several civil rights speeches going on in Washington. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of those civil rights speakers, and that day he gave his famous â€Å"I have a dream† speech. In Dr. Martin Luther King Juniors speech, he spoke about unifying the nation, to create a place where Americans â€Å"will not be judged by the color of your skin but by the contentRead MoreMartin Luther King Essay Rhetorical Devices820 Words   |  4 PagesM amp; W 19 Feb, 2013 The Speech That Changed America â€Å"I have a dream,† perhaps some of the most widely known words that will always be remembered in our nation’s history. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. not only had a way with his powerful words, but also with the way that he carried himself in a professional and highly educated manner. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. used several rhetorical devices in his, â€Å"I have a dream speech,† but none more powerful than the point he was trying to convey toRead MoreDr. Martin Luther King Jr., A Political Icon Essay1441 Words   |  6 Pagesbecause they and their accomplishments have forever changed society and the world. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of those individuals. Martin Luther Kings contributions to history place him in this inimitable position. One of the great figures in the march of human history, Martin Luther King Jr., like Gandhi before him, lived by a heroic credo of non-violence. More than two decades since his death, Martin Luther King ideas; his call f or racial equality, his faith in the ultimate triumph of justiceRead MoreThe Fight for Freedom1312 Words   |  6 PagesTricia Andryszewski informs her readers that Black Americans had been working for change since before the civil war, but mainly beyond. Some of the most prominent civil rights leaders include Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, Philip Randolph, and Bayard Rustin. The two main goals of the civil rights activists being, equal rights and treatment for all races. As a result, the â€Å"I Have a Dream† speech was written by Martin Luther King, Jr., a man who â€Å"Led successful efforts to integrate public

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The American Revolution as a conservative movement.

The American Revolution , while it may have been the first war that was started to actually put into practice some ideas that previously had only been talked about, did not have any ideas that were new. Nothing really changed as far as the average man was concerned, after the revolution. Slaves were still enslaved, Indians were still considered savages, women were not given equal rights and the governments were still basically the same, except now there were no royal govenors. Most of the main ideals expressed in the Declaration of Independence were borrowed from John Locke, a famous english philosopher. He believed that if the ruling body if it offends against natural law must be deposed. Locke saw it as a right and sometimes†¦show more content†¦The main staple of John Locke, and America s explanation as to why a country (in this case the u.s.) had the right to sever their ties to the ruling body (England) was that the power of the legislature ... is limited to the public good of the society. It is a power that hath no other end but preservation, and thereforeShow MoreRelatedA Conservative Revolution1523 Words   |  7 PagesA Conservative Revolution Whether the American Revolution should be viewed as a conservative or radical movement is a hotly debated topic among historians, and each side provides a convincing case. Historians who view the movement as radical praise the colonists’ effort to send the British crown’s rule and effective implementation of a democratic government to the extent the world had never seen before. On the other hand, historians who view the American Revolution as a conservative movement noteRead MoreWas the American Revolution Conservative?1246 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Was the American Revolution Conservative? (Order A2098864) During the 1950s the mainstream historical thinking concentrated on the idea that the American Revolution was a conservative movement which did not cause great political or social upheavals. Many looked at the later French Revolution as an example of a more radicalized and revolutionary movement and determined that the American Revolution was tame by comparison. And while it is true that many of the legal and political arguments madeRead MoreThe Legacy Of The Reagan Revolution1592 Words   |  7 PagesThe phenomenon dubbed the â€Å"Reagan Revolution,† can have its roots traced back decades, as early as the 1950s. It is important to start in this era, as it sets the stage for the 60s, which ultimately leads into the 70s and 80s, as history tends to portray a cause and effect relationship. Each of these generations contribute to this revolution of conservatism becoming the most popular view in the nation because of their cultural and social elements, with the 60s being the mos t important period. HoweverRead MoreFamily Values And The American Dream1441 Words   |  6 PagesFamily values have become a central idea in the concept of the American Dream. For several decades, family values have received emphasis in the American politics. Particularly, the last three decades of the twentieth century were of critical importance in the development of the various movements that promoted family values. The rise of evangelical leaders and conservative politicians served to bring family values to the consciousness of the nation. The Christian right leaders came together to supportRead MoreThe Rebirth Of American Conservatism1123 Words   |  5 PagesRebirth of American Conservatism From the Late 1950’s through the 1960’s a movement started to reclaim the idea of freedom. Until the 1960’s, American Politics was dominated by liberalism. Many presidents defined themselves as being liberal, and the presidents who didn’t during their presidency may be called centrist or left leaning in today’s political climate. The idea to reclaim the idea of freedom gave birth to the Conservative movement. Conservatism was not extinct prior to the 1964 presidentialRead MoreThe American Revolution877 Words   |  4 Pagespeople believe the American Revolution is strictly liberal, in truth it is conservative evidenced by the new British policies, colonial reactions and the examinations of what it means to be conservative vs. liberal. The American Revolution was triggered, by many laws that were passed between 1763 and 1775 that controlled trade and taxes. This legislation caused pressure between colonists and imperial officers, who had made it clear that the British Parliament would not address American complaints relatingRead MoreThe American Revolution : A Heroic School By Robert Brown1201 Words   |  5 PagesThe American Revolution was a war that happened between 1775-1783 where the 13 colonies in America gained independence from Great Britain and became the United States of America. Over time there have been several different historical interpretations about the causes of the American Revolution. Many of these interpretations lack evidence or provide a very one sided claim. The best explanation for the causes of the American Revolution out of the 5 passages provided is â€Å"A Democratic Movement† writtenRead MoreLiberalism And Conservatism And Liberalism1598 Words   |  7 Pageshave remained consi stent in the core principles which underlie their existence and political ideologies. While Conservatism and Liberalism may share a common goal - as expressed by Robin L. West (1984-1985, p. 673), who wrote that both liberal and conservative ideas share a â€Å"commitment to the creation of a state in which all members of the community share in the good life† - It seems to me that this is where their ideological similarities end, and that their ideological differences make them fundamentallyRead MoreThe Issue Of Annexation Movements Inside Canada843 Words   |  4 PagesBy definition, Manifesto is a public declaration of policy and aims. Annexation movements inside Canada were usually inspired by dissatisfaction with Britain s colonial government of Canada. For example, a groups of Irish immigrants took the route of attempting to annex the peninsula between the Detroit and Niagara Rivers to the U.S. by force in 1837-1838. The War of 1812 built up hatred overtime between the Americans and the British. But as a result, there were no territorial changes. Another significantRead MoreEssay about 1960 Time Capsule1584 Words   |  7 Pagestime capsule was a letter from the Birmingham County Jail. SCLC allied with the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, to protest the conditions in Birmingham. (Spark Note, 2005) Between 1957 and 1962 seventeen black churches and homes were bombed. The population of Birmingham was 40% African American, there were 80,000 registered voters and only 10,000 were black. There was little hope for a political solution regarding the racial divide (Spark

Effect of Communication Barriers and Overcoming These Barriers Free Essays

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. Thank you, Mr. Chairman for letting me speak. We will write a custom essay sample on Effect of Communication Barriers and Overcoming These Barriers or any similar topic only for you Order Now Let me introduce myself before we go to the topic. My name Mrs. Aida as a Public Speaking Trainer. Firstly, I want to explain to all of you what is communication? Communication is a process beginning with a sender who encodes the message and passes it through some channel to the receiver who decodes the message. Communication is fruitful if and only if the messages sent by the sender is interpreted with same meaning by the receiver. If any kind of disturbance blocks any step of communication, the message will be destroyed. Due to such disturbances, managers in an organization face severe problems. Thus the managers must locate such barriers and take steps to get rid of them. There are several barriers that affects the flow of communication in an organization. These barriers interrupt the flow of communication from the sender to the reciever, thus making communication ineffective. It is essential for managers to overcome these barriers. The main barriers of communication are summarized below. â€Å"Ladies and gentlemen,† Firstly let me explain one of communication barriers is Perceptual and Language Differences. Perception is generally how each individual interprets the world around him. All generally want to receive messages which are significant to them. But any message which is against their values is not accepted. A same event may be taken differently by different individuals. For example : A person is on leave for a month due to personal reasons (family member being critical). The HR Manager might be in confusion whether to retain that employee or not, the immediate manager might think of replacement because his teams productivity is being hampered, the family members might take him as an emotional support. Secondly is Information Overload. Managers are surrounded with a pool of information. It is essential to control this information flow else the information is likely to be misinterpreted or forgotten or overlooked. As a result communication is less effective. The next barriers was Time Pressures:  Often in organization the targets have to be achieved within a specified time period, the failure of which has adverse consequences. In a haste to meet deadlines, the formal channels of communication are shortened, or messages are partially given, i. e. , not completely transferred. Thus sufficient time should be given for effective communication. â€Å"Ladies and gentlemen,† Distraction/Noise:  Communication is also affected a lot by noise to distractions. Physical distractions are also there such as, poor lightning, uncomfortable sitting, unhygienic room also affects communication in a meeting. Similarly use of loud speakers interferes with communication. Emotions:  Emotional state at a particular point of time also affects communication. If the receiver feels that communicator is angry he interprets that the information being sent is very bad. While he takes it differently if the communicator is happy and jovial (in that case the message is interpreted to be good and interesting). Complexity in Organizational Structure:  Greater the hierarchy in an organization (i. e. more the number of managerial levels), more is the chances of communication getting destroyed. Only the people at the top level can see the overall picture while the people at low level just have knowledge about their own area and a little knowledge about other areas. Poor retention:  Human memory cannot function beyond a limit. One cant always retain what is being told specially if he is not interested or not attentive. This leads to communication breakdown. So, how we as a manager to overcome these barriers of communicate? There are a lot of communication barriers faced these days by all. The message intended by the sender is not understood by the receiver in the same terms and sense and thus communication breakdown occurs. It is essential to deal and cope up with these communication barriers so as to ensure smooth and effective communication. As, in the previous section we have discussed the major barriers of communication. Let’s talk about  how to overcome these barriers of communication. Eliminating differences in perception:  The organization should ensure that it is recruiting right individuals on the job. It’s the responsibility of the interviewer to ensure that the interviewee has command over the written and spoken language. There should be proper Induction program so that the policies of the company are clear to all the employees. There should be proper trainings conducted for required employees (for eg: Voice and Accent training). Use of Simple Language:  Use of simple and clear words should be emphasized. Use of ambiguous words and jargons should be avoided. Reduction and elimination of noise levels:  Noise is the main communication barrier which must be overcome on priority basis. It is essential to identify the source of noise and then eliminate that source. Active Listening:  Listen attentively and carefully. There is a difference between â€Å"listening† and â€Å"hearing†. Active listening means hearing with proper understanding of the message that is heard. By asking questions the speaker can ensure whether his/her message is understood or not by the receiver in the same terms as intended by the speaker. Emotional State:  During communication one should make effective use of body language. He/she should not show their emotions while communication as the receiver might misinterpret the message being delivered. For example, if the conveyer of the message is in a bad mood then the receiver might think that the information being delivered is not good. Simple Organizational Structure:  The organizational structure should not be complex. The number of hierarchical levels should be optimum. There should be a ideal span of control within the organization. Simpler the organizational structure, more effective will be the communication. Avoid Information Overload:  The managers should know how to prioritize their work. They should not overload themselves with the work. They should spend quality time with their subordinates and should listen to their problems and feedbacks actively. Give Constructive Feedback:  Avoid giving negative feedback. The contents of the feedback might be negative, but it should be delivered constructively. Constructive feedback will lead to effective communication between the superior and subordinate. Proper Media Selection:  The managers should properly select the medium of communication. Simple messages should be conveyed orally, like: face to face interaction or meetings. Use of written means of communication should be encouraged for delivering complex messages. For significant messages reminders can be given by using written means of communication such as : Memos, Notices etc. Flexibility in meeting the targets:  For effective communication in an organization the managers should ensure that the individuals are meeting their targets timely without skipping the formal channels of communication. There should not be much pressure on employees to meet their targets. Conclusion Communication is a process of exchange of information between two or more people. Barriers that affect the process of communication can be reduced if the presenter and receiver of information to understand the role and duties of each in securing an effective communication process. By ensuring that the principles of communication clear, concise, accurate, complete and politely complied with, will allow this communication to achieve the desired goals. Hence all obstacles and weaknesses in achieving effective communication should be addressed and improved to enhance the importance of communication in everyday life. Overcome barriers to communication within the organization to ensure the free flow of information between sender and receiver and for effective communication among employees. Effective communication reduce error rates, reduce conflict and an understanding of and increase the profits of the organization. And we as managers must try their best to avoid communication barriers within the organization for effective business communication. How to cite Effect of Communication Barriers and Overcoming These Barriers, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Catcher In The Rye Essay Paper Example For Students

Catcher In The Rye Essay Paper The theme that the world has an outward appearance that seems fair and perfect but really theyre as Holden put it phonies. This is shown countless amount of times in his journey through New York and even before he left. The setting is in the 1950s; so Im pretty sure that he didnt encounter any transvestites, lesbians, or anything that extreme of phoniest. Or on the other hand he could have liked them for being as Elmemson said a none conformist. But I doubt it, he seemed to like kids more than anything. And his job, as he felt, was to protect them in their innocents; of which I will talk about in my second theme. The first example that stands out in my mind is the scene with Stradlater in the can. If you remember Stradlater was getting ready for his other date while Holden watched him. Stradlater was a secret slob in public he always looked good and got all the girls but in fact he was a slob. His razor that made him look so good was rusty as hell and full on lather and hair and crap . This proves that he is a slob to never clean it or anything. If you think about it thats even worst than Old Ackley. At least Ackley knew that he had a problem, that he need to do something about his face; but Stradlater thought that he was a great guy. He actually thought that there was nothing wrong with never washing his razor. I think that what mad, Holden so made Stradlater was perpetrating in other word being phony every time he went out all GQ after using that filthy razor. Another instance is when he calls that girl in New York, Faith Cavendish, that Eddie Birdsell had brought to a dance at Princeton. Anyway he called her and she almost went off until Holden drooped Eddies name. Then all of a sudden she was getting friendly as hell. The same person said if you think I enjoy bein woke up in the middle- was getting an english accent all of a sudden. I think Holden caught her with her faade down. When she first picked up the phone she was mad as anybody else would be in her s hoes. But as soon as she processed Eddie Birdsell from Princeton she became so amicable. She most of thought that a friend of Eddie, from Princeton, most have been rich or at lest well off. Faith was all ready to hook up with him for a date until she asked Where ya callin from? Where ya at now, anyways? And in a phone booth was the wrong answer. When he said that she new he had no money and from that point on she had no time to meet up any more. This is a good example of the phoniest that Holden will talk about all through book. Oh and one I almost missed it is a little before the conversation with Faith it is a very important event. When J.D. Salinger had Holden look about of the window I think it was a big simile, of which I think about more in theme number 3, of the theme of the book. Im sure Holden didnt ride all the way to New York to pick a run down hotel. So I take it when he drove up it probably looked good on the outside. He even took it off referring to the red hunting hat before I checked inI didnt want to look like a screwball or something. So we can assume it was nice, or at lest on the outside. Salinger even throw Holden foreshadowed a little in the line I didnt know then that the goddam hotel was full of perverts and morons. The first guy he saw out his room window took out all these womens clothes, and put them on. Then he started walking around like a women, smoking a cigarette, and looking in the mirror. And now I guest I have to take back my sentence about transvestites in the opening paragraph. Second he saw a couple squiring water and they .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 , .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .postImageUrl , .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 , .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854:hover , .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854:visited , .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854:active { border:0!important; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854:active , .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854 .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u91233711553eb8835ec2fc3cc4831854:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Leonardo Da Vinci Persuasive Essay